Contribution to the energy and climate policy objectives of the Federal Government
With the Energiekonzept 2050, the Federal Government is striving for an environmentally sound, reliable and affordable energy supply. Core elements of this concept are targets extending to 2050 that sketch the outlines of Germany’s future energy supply.
Among the most important targets are:
- A reduction of primary energy consumption by 50% compared to 2008 (2020: 20%)
- A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% compared to 1990 (2020: 40%)
- An expansion of renewable energies to 80% of gross electricity consumption and 60% of gross final energy consumption (2020: 35% and 18% respectively).
These ambitious goals are to be achieved alongside a high standard of living and a strengthening of our competitiveness. The transition to such a high-efficiency energy supply based predominantly on renewable energy carriers presupposes fundamental innovations and increased research efforts. The basis for the energy research geared to the requirements of the Energiewende is the Federal Government’s 6th energy research programme “Research for an environmentally sound, reliable and affordable energy supply”, which was adopted by the Federal Cabinet in August 2011.
The findings from the research conducted in current and completed projects within the framework of the 6th energy research programme form the basis for the topics to be researched in the “Kopernikus projects for the Energiewende” funding initiative. The “Kopernikus projects for the Energiewende” funding initiative breaks new ground in the cooperation between science, economy and society and sets future energy research on an efficient and focussed basis. This initiative is part of the Federal Government’s “High-Tech Strategy”, which has the goal of further expanding collaboration between science and the economy. At the same time it supports the “Research for Sustainability” (FONA3) specialist programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and in particular the Energiewende and Green Economy flagship initiatives.
Social, ecological and economic aspects are of great importance in the transformation of the energy system. The Energiewende can only be successfully shaped if the needs and expectations of the population are adequately reflected and attention paid to the need for environmental sustainability and the requirements of the market economy. It follows from this that the Kopernikus projects must produce sustainable solutions. Information and communication technologies (ICT) offer great potential for driving the Energiewende forward. The integration of ICT will accordingly play an important part.