P2X satellite project: SPIKE

Power-to-X? Yes! But how? The project SPIKE has investigated possible applications of the technology. Source: malp, Adobe Stock

SPIKE is a satellite project established in parallel with the Kopernikus project P2X. Unlike P2X, this project conducts theoretical rather than practical research: it determines which potential uses of power-to-X processes – processes that convert renewably generated electricity into other forms – are viable.

The idea behind SPIKE, which conducts systems analysis and integration of power-to-X technologies in the context of renewable electricity as primary energy, is to analyse which power-to-X procedures are viable under what conditions. In order to do this, the project firstly examines the existing energy system in detail and outlines possible scenarios of how the energy system could change in the coming years. The project then identifies how power-to-X technologies could be optimally used in future to suit each scenario, taking both the German and European legal frameworks into account throughout.

SPIKE’s key questions

  • How can industry use its exhaust gases as raw materials through power-to-X processes?

  • What potential to protect the climate do power-to-X technologies have?

  • What business models can make power-to-X economically viable?

  • Which system services can be provided for the power supply, and to what extent, by using power-to-X technologies in industry?

While the P2X project mainly focuses on power-to-fuel, power-to-gas, and power-to-chemicals, SPIKE also incorporates other power-to-X technologies in its analysis. Thus the project also studies potential uses for power-to-heat, meaning possibilities for heating buildings and industrial furnaces with electricity. Finally, SPIKE also asks how power-to-X processes can be integrated into industrial processes in future, a topic that is also a subject of research in the Kopernikus project SynErgie.


Together with the consortium of parent project P2X, SPIKE aims to create a power-to-X concept for the energy transition – and to develop recommendations for action on the legal course that policymakers must take in the coming years so that power-to-X technologies can be used with the best possible results.

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